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TMCNet:  U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in California (Dec. 4)

[December 04, 2012]

U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in California (Dec. 4)

(Targeted News Service Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Targeted News Service Targeted News Service ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- The following federal patents were awarded to inventors in California.

*** California, New York Inventors Develops Patent for Composite Loudspeaker Cone ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Richard Vandersteen, Hanford, Calif., and Michael P. Latvis Jr., Buffalo, N.Y., have developed a patent (8,320,604) for a composite loudspeaker cone.



The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Composite loudspeaker cones that include an interstitial layer of material having a core density below 600 kg/m.sup.3 and a Young's modulus greater than 0.2 GPa, such as balsa wood, interposed between a first carbon fiber layer and a second carbon fiber layer and method of making same." The patent application was filed on April 23, 2008 (12/108,053). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,604&OS=8,320,604&RS=8,320,604 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Trend Micro Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Trend Micro, Tokyo, has been assigned a patent (8,321,910) developed by Edward D. English, Scituate, Mass., and Geoffrey B. Grindrod, Santa Clara, Calif., for a "determining the source of malware." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A malware detection system capable of detecting and removing malware from a computer system. The malware detection system determines whether there are files potentially related to a selected malware file using a time-based embodiment based on whether files were installed around the time of the malware. A cache-based embodiment searches an Internet cache to determine the URLs that might be the source of the malware. A location-based embodiment dissects the file system path to determine an application related to the malware. Results are displayed to the user for action." The patent application was filed on Jan. 20, 2006 (11/337,054). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,910&OS=8,321,910&RS=8,321,910 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventor Develops Patent for Fact Checking Method and System ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Lucas J. Myslinski, Sunnyvale, Calif., has developed a patent (8,321,295) for a "fact checking method and system." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A fact checking system verifies the correctness of information and/or characterizes the information by comparing the information with one or more sources. The fact checking system automatically monitors, processes, fact checks information and indicates a status of the information." The patent application was filed on June 20, 2012 (13/528,563). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,295&OS=8,321,295&RS=8,321,295 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventor Develops Patent for Re-utilization of Render Assets for Video Compression ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Julian Urbach, Sherman Oaks, Calif., has developed a patent (8,319,825) for a "re-utilization of render assets for video compression." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Methods, apparatuses and systems directed to using viewport state data objects (VSDO) to render a series of video frames according to render instructions to achieve video compression. In a particular implementation, the video compression format exposes the VSDO and render instructions to a video render client, allowing the video render client to finish rendering a sequence of video frames from different spatial locations and view transform parameters. Implementations of this video compression format further allow any arbitrary client with enough graphics processing power and bandwidth to retransmit novel, completely rendered viewports to thin clients without taxing the root remote render devices." The patent application was filed on June 15, 2009 (12/484,462). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,319,825&OS=8,319,825&RS=8,319,825 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventors Develop Patent for Interspecific Tree Named 'Sweet Pixie' ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Gary Neil Zaiger, Modesto, Calif., Leith Marie Gardner, Modesto, Calif., and Grant Gene Zaiger, Modesto, Calif., have developed a patent (PP23,211) for an "interspecific tree named 'Sweet Pixie'." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A new and distinct variety of interspecific tree. The following features of the tree and its fruit are characterized with the tree budded on `Nemaguard` Rootstock (non-patented), grown on Handford sandy loam soil with Storie Index rating 95, in USDA Hardiness Zone 9, near Modesto, Calif., with standard commercial fruit growing practices, such as pruning, thinning, spraying, irrigation and fertilization. Its novelty consist of the following combination of desirable features: 1. Vigorous, upright tree growth. 2. Heavy and regular bearer of fruit. 3. Fruit with excellent flavor and eating quality. 4. Fruit with good handling and shipping quality. 5. Fruit with an average Brix of 20.degree. with a good balance between acid and sugar. 6. Fruit with the ability to remain firm on the tree 3 weeks past maturity (shipping ripe)." The patent application was filed on Jan. 10, 2011 (12/930,511). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=PP23,211&OS=PP23,211&RS=PP23,211 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventors Develop Patent for Optical Metrology Systems and Methods ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Emad Zawaideh, Carlsbad, Calif., and Javier Ruiz, Oceanside, Calif., have developed a patent (8,319,966) for "optical metrology systems and methods." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Metrology systems and methods that measure thin film thickness and or index of refraction of semiconductor wafers with at least one deposited or grown thin film layer. The present invention measures near normal incidence and grazing angle of incidence reflection (using reflected broadband UV, visible, and near infrared electromagnetic radiation) from a small region on a sample. Embodiments of the system selectively comprise a near-normal incidence spectrometer/ellipsometer, a high angle of incidence spectrometer/ellipsometer, or a combination of the two." The patent application was filed on March 12, 2009 (12/403,119). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,319,966&OS=8,319,966&RS=8,319,966 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Canon Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Canon, Tokyo, has been assigned a patent (8,321,815) developed by Kenji Yamazoe, Berkeley, Calif., and Tokuyuki Honda, Tokyo, for a "recording medium storing original data generation program, original data generation method, original fabricating method, exposure method, and device manufacturing method." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "To calculate data of an original, a computer is caused to execute the following steps of converting data regarding an intended pattern to be formed on a substrate into frequency-domain data, calculating a two-dimensional transmission cross coefficient using a function representing an effective light source that an illumination device forms on a pupil plane of a projection optical system when the original is absent on an object plane of the projection optical system and using a pupil function of the projection optical system, calculating a diffracted light distribution from a pattern that is formed on the object plane using both the frequency-domain data and data of at least one component of the calculated two-dimensional transmission cross coefficient, and converting data of the calculated diffracted light distribution into spatial-domain data to determine the data of the original." The patent application was filed on July 30, 2009 (12/512,649). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,815&OS=8,321,815&RS=8,321,815 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, Taiwan, has been assigned a patent (8,321,828) developed by Chan-Hong Chern, Palo Alto, Calif., for a "dummy fill to reduce shallow trench isolation (STI) stress variation on transistor performance." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of forming an integrated circuit structure on a chip includes extracting an active layer from a design of the integrated circuit structure, forming a guard band conforming to the shape of the active layer, the guard band surrounds the active layer, and the guard band is spaced from the active layer at a first spacing in the X-axis direction and at a second spacing in the Y-axis direction, removing any part of the guard band that violates design rules, removing convex corners of the guard band, and adding dummy diffusion patterns into the remaining space of the chip outside the guard band. The first and second spacing can be specified as the same spacings in a Spice model characterization of the integrated circuit structure. The dummy diffusion patterns with different granularities can be added so that the diffusion density is substantially uniform over the chip." The patent application was filed on Jan. 8, 2010 (12/684,819). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,828&OS=8,321,828&RS=8,321,828 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell International Assigned Patent for Integrated 2-level Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) Codes ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell International, Hamilton, Bermuda, has been assigned a patent (8,321,752) developed by Xueshi Yang, Cupertino, Calif., and Nedeljko Varnica, Sunnyvale, Calif., for "integrated 2-level low density parity check (LDPC) codes." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An encoding system includes a first low density parity check (LDPC) module and a second LDPC module. The first LDPC module is configured to generate a first encoded codeword by encoding a first codeword using a first LDPC code. The second LDPC module is configured to generate a second encoded codeword by encoding a second codeword using a second LDPC code. Signals based on the first encoded codeword and signals based on the second encoded codeword are transmitted over a communications channel. The first LDPC code is defined by a first parity check matrix and the second LDPC code is defined by a second parity check matrix. The second parity check matrix includes the first parity check matrix, a zero matrix, and a supplementary matrix." The patent application was filed on Oct. 28, 2009 (12/607,129). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,752&OS=8,321,752&RS=8,321,752 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventor Develops Patent for Method and Apparatus for Shaping a Linear Segment ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Jack Gershfeld, Fullerton, Calif., has developed a patent (8,319,775) for a "method and apparatus for shaping a linear segment." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method and apparatus for shaping a linear segment is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of selecting a dynamic bend point, determining a primary snap point based on the location of the dynamic bend point in one of four predetermined regions and snapping the dynamic bend point to the primary snap point. A secondary snap point is also determined and the dynamic bend point is snapped either to the primary snap point or to the secondary snap point, depending on the location of the dynamic bend point inside or outside a predetermined secondary snap region." The patent application was filed on July 15, 2008 (12/173,638). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,319,775&OS=8,319,775&RS=8,319,775 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell International Assigned Patent for Multi-parity Tensor-product Code for Data Channel ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell International, Hamilton, Bermuda, has been assigned a patent (8,321,769) developed by four co-inventors for a "multi-parity tensor-product code for data channel." The co-inventors are Engling Yeo, San Jose, Calif., Manoj Kumar Yadav, Sunnyvale, Calif., Panu Chaichanavong, Mountain View, Calif., and Gregory Burd, San Jose, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Encoder and decoder apparatus and methods derive a plurality of parity bits from a single codeword. Encoder apparatus may include a receive module receiving a data stream, a parity generation module generating a plurality of parity bits based on the data stream and a word of a tensor-product code, and a parity insertion module combining the plurality of parity bits and the data stream to generate encoded bits. Decoder apparatus may include a detector receiving and outputting encoded data, a first decoder generating first log-likelihood ratios (LLRs) from the encoded data, an error recovery module generating second LLRs from the encoded data, a second decoder that derives syndrome data from the first and second LLRs, a post-processor that combines data from the first decoder with error events from the error recovery module to generate corrected data, the post-processor further identifying a plurality of parity bits in the corrected data." The patent application was filed on Oct. 23, 2009 (12/604,558). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,769&OS=8,321,769&RS=8,321,769 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventor Develops Patent for Methods and Apparatus for Organizing Data in a Database ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Vivek Swarnakar, San Francisco, has developed a patent (8,321,390) for "methods and apparatus for organizing data in a database." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Disclosed are methods and apparatus for organizing data in a database in a set-oriented manner. Data is organized by linking data in the form of key-value pairs stored in storage media of the database to corresponding key-value pair identifiers. A set having a corresponding set identifier is then associated with one or more of the key-value pair identifiers where the set includes the stored key-value pairs linked to the key-value pair identifiers." The patent application was filed on June 11, 2009 (12/482,930). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,390&OS=8,321,390&RS=8,321,390 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventors Develop Patent for Decoupling of Linear Dynamical Systems ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Fai Ma, Berkeley, Calif., Matthias Morzfeld, Kensington, Calif., and Ali Imam, Fremont, Calif., have developed a patent (8,321,189) for "decoupling of linear dynamical systems." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method and apparatus is disclosed for improving analysis and design of physical structures whose dynamic behavior can be modeled as a linear dynamical system. The method and apparatus is operative to decouple the equations of motion of any linear dynamical systems therewith by processing the equations of motion of any linear dynamical system using a decoupling unit." The patent application was filed on Aug. 3, 2009 (12/534,853). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,189&OS=8,321,189&RS=8,321,189 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell International Assigned Patent for Modified Trace-back Using Soft Output Viterbi Algorithm (SOVA) ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell International, Hamilton, Bermuda, has been assigned a patent (8,321,771) developed by Manoj Kumar Yadav, Sunnyvale, Calif., for a "modified trace-back using soft output viterbi algorithm (SOVA)." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Systems and methods are provided for generating error events for decoded bits using a Soft output Viterbi algorithm (SOYA). A winning path through a trellis can be determined and decoded information can be generated. Path metric differences can be computed within the trellis based on the winning path. A plurality of error event masks and error event metrics can be generated based on the decoded information and the path metric differences." The patent application was filed on Oct. 2, 2009 (12/572,329). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,771&OS=8,321,771&RS=8,321,771 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell International Assigned Patent for Split Sector Recovery Method ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell International, Hamilton, Bermuda, has been assigned a patent (8,321,763) developed by Zining Wu, Los Altos, Calif., Gregory Burd, San Jose, Calif., and Nitin Nangare, Santa Clara, Calif., for a "split sector recovery method." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Reproduction of encoded data which includes a split-mark. FIR data corresponding to split-mark and FIR data affected by the split-mark due to inter-symbol-interference are identified. FIR data corresponding to the split-mark is removed from the received FIR data. Recovered data is created by removing incorrect inter-symbol-interference from the FIR data due to the split-mark, and adding correct inter-symbol-interference from codeword bits. The recovered data is stitched together with data unaffected by split-mark data." The patent application was filed on March 1, 2012 (13/410,068). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,763&OS=8,321,763&RS=8,321,763 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** California Inventor Develops Patent for Method and Apparatus for Facilitating Efficient Authenticated Encryption ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Phillip W. Rogaway, Davis, Calif., has developed a patent (8,321,675) for a "method and apparatus for facilitating efficient authenticated encryption." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A shared-key encryption scheme that uses identically keyed block-cipher calls, low additional overhead, supports the encryption of arbitrary-length strings, produces a minimal-length-ciphertext, and is fully parallelizable. In one embodiment, "OCB", a key shared between communicating parties is mapped to a key variant using the block cipher. The key variant is mapped into a sequence of basis offsets using shifts and conditional xors. To encrypt a message using a nonce, a nonce-dependent base offset is formed, and then a sequence of offsets is constructed by starting with the base offset and then xoring, for each offset, an appropriate basis offset. The message is partitioned into message blocks of the same length as the block length of the block cipher, along with a message fragment that may be shorter. Each message block is combined with a corresponding offset, enciphered, and then combined again with the offset, yielding a ciphertext block. The message fragment is xored with an appropriately computed pad to give a ciphertext fragment. A checksum is formed using the message blocks, the message fragment, and the pad. The checksum is combined with an offset and enciphered to yield a tag. The encrypted message includes the ciphertext blocks, the ciphertext fragment, and the tag." The patent application was filed on April 12, 2011 (13/084,978). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,675&OS=8,321,675&RS=8,321,675 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell International Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell International, Hamilton, Bermuda, has been assigned a patent (8,321,869) developed by four co-inventors for "synchronization using agent-based semaphores." The co-inventors are Junqiang Lan, Santa Clara, Calif., Li Sha, San Jose, Calif., Zhijian Lu, Fremont, Calif., and Ye Zhou, San Jose, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present specification describes techniques and apparatus that enable synchronization using agent-based semaphores. In one or more implementations, a semaphore is used for a first agent to notify a second agent that the first agent has completed a particular task of a set of tasks and has completed using a shared resource for the particular task." The patent application was filed on July 31, 2009 (12/533,308). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,869&OS=8,321,869&RS=8,321,869 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Kapsch Trafficcom Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Kapsch Trafficcom, Vienna, Austria, has been assigned a patent (8,320,902) developed by John Thomas Moring, Encinitas, Calif., Dmitri Khijniak, San Diego, and Justin Paul McNew, Studio City, Calif., for a "system and method for selecting services in a wireless communication network." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system and method for selecting a preferred connection point from a choice of one or more available connection points in a wireless communication network. The system and method include: determining a link quality for the one or more available connection points; establishing a connection to a first connection point when there is no existing established connection, the first connection point offers a desired service, and the link quality for the first connection point exceeds a first threshold value, wherein a service priority is considered in determining the link quality of the first connection point; maintaining the established connection to the first connection point when the link quality exceeds a second threshold value; and making eligible the established connection to the first connection point for preemption by a second connection point, when the link quality for the first connection point is less than the second threshold value." The patent application was filed on Nov. 9, 2010 (12/942,798). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,902&OS=8,320,902&RS=8,320,902 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Assigned Patent for Three-terminal Spin-torque Oscillator (STO) ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, has been assigned a patent (8,320,080) developed by Patrick Mesquita Braganca, San Jose, Calif., Bruce Alvin Gurney, San Jose, Calif., and Jordan Asher Katine, Mountain View, Calif., for a "three-terminal spin-torque oscillator (STO)." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A spin-torque oscillator (STO) has a single free ferromagnetic layer that forms part of both a giant magnetoresistance (GMR) structure with a nonmagnetic conductive spacer layer and a tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) structure with a tunnel barrier layer. The STO has three electrical terminals that connect to electrical circuitry that provides a spin-torque excitation current through the conductive spacer layer and a lesser sense current through the tunnel barrier layer. When the STO is used as a magnetic field sensor, the excitation current causes the magnetization of the free layer to oscillate at a fixed base frequency in the absence of an external magnetic field. A detector coupled to the sense current detects shifts in the free layer magnetization oscillation frequency from the base frequency in response to external magnetic fields." The patent application was filed on May 31, 2011 (13/149,419). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,080&OS=8,320,080&RS=8,320,080 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Assigned Patent for Sealing an Enclosure for a Disk Drive form Factor ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, has been assigned a patent (8,320,072) developed by five co-inventors for a "sealing an enclosure for a disk drive form factor." The co-inventors are Steve Hanssen, San Jose, Calif., Robert C. Reinhart, San Jose, Calif., Kunihiro Shida, San Jose, Calif., James Sullivan, San Jose, Calif., and Stanley Y. Wong, San Jose, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Embodiments of the present invention pertain to sealing an enclosure for a disk drive form factor. According to one embodiment, material is removed from a base casting for the disk drive form factor to enable insertion of a component. The removal of the material results in a portion of the base casting being thin enough to potentially cause an inadvertent hole in the base casting. A hole is purpose created in the base casting to avoid development of the inadvertent hole. A seal is used to cover the created hole in a manner that allows for insertion of the component." The patent application was filed on Oct. 2, 2006 (11/542,284). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,072&OS=8,320,072&RS=8,320,072 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Ericsson Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Ericsson, Stockholm, Sweden, has been assigned a patent (8,321,550) developed by Robert Greg Kilfoyle, Campbell, Calif., and Brian S. Wilkerson, Aptos, Calif., for a "media access control address based service selection." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "In one embodiment, a method comprises receiving a request from a computing device for an address. The request is to include a unique value associated with the computing device. The method also comprises generating a username based on the unique value. The username is associated with the computing device. Additionally, the username is bound to a context within a network element. The method also comprises assigning an address to the computing device within the context. A circuit is generated between the computing device and the network element based on the address." The patent application was filed on Oct. 15, 2009 (12/580,215). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,550&OS=8,321,550&RS=8,321,550 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Trend Micro Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Trend Micro, Tokyo, has been assigned a patent (8,321,434) developed by Liwei Ren, Sunnyvale, Calif., and Shu Huang, San Jose, Calif., for a "two tiered architecture of named entity recognition engine." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system (and a method) is disclosed to extract entity values from texts. The system receives, at a first tier entity recognition engine, an input data string having a plurality of entities. The first tier entity recognition engine marks entities of the plurality of entities that are regular expression and transmits the input data stream with the marked entities to a second tier entity recognition engine. The second tier entity recognition engine receives the input data stream and identifies unmarked entities in the input data stream received at the second tier entity recognition engine. The second tier entity recognition engine determines whether the unmarked entities comprise a predetermined data format, and if so, outputs those unmarked entities of the plurality of entities that comprise the predetermined data format." The patent application was filed on Aug. 3, 2007 (11/833,932). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,434&OS=8,321,434&RS=8,321,434 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** PMC Sierra Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- PMC Sierra, Herzeliya Pituach, Israel, has been assigned a patent (8,320,762) developed by Onn Haran, Even Yehuda, Irael, and Ariel Maislos, Sunnyvale, Calif., for "methods and systems for bandwidths doubling in an ethernet passive optical network." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Systems and methods for bandwidth doubling in an Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) enable an optical line terminal (OLT) to transmit downlink to at least one double rate optical network unit (ONU). The double rate transmission is preferably facilitated by use of single rate devices (OLT and ONU) functionally connected to provide the double rate capability. The methods include packet-by-packet multiplexing, bit-by-bit line code interleaving, doubling an inter-packet gap (IPG) length, defining windows of transmission for different transmission rates, using the 8B/10B code, removing the 8B/10B code from just the downlink transmission and symbol-by-symbol multiplexing is downlink transmissions from the double rate OLT." The patent application was filed on July 4, 2010 (12/830,330). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,762&OS=8,320,762&RS=8,320,762 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Alcatel Lucent Assigned Patent for Policy Enforcement Points ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Alcatel Lucent, Paris, has been assigned a patent (8,320,245) developed by Andrew S. Lange, Culver City, Calif., for policy enforcement points.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A policy enforcement point (PEP) attaches to the edge of a network to manage loading when the network nears or exceeds its capacity due to changes in the network, e.g., component failures or incremental growth. Autonomous PEP's at the network's edges provide short-term, application-aware controls on their own that are applied to the corresponding network ingress traffic. Path tables are used to calculate whether particular PEP's can admit more traffic, or should they shed sessions/calls to keep service up for the existing application traffic. Long-term controls are periodically downloaded as admission tables from a session/call admission controller to the PEP's." The patent application was filed on March 13, 2007 (11/717,880). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,245&OS=8,320,245&RS=8,320,245 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** DigitalOptics Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- DigitalOptics, Galway, Ireland, has been assigned a patent (8,320,641) developed by seven co-inventors for a "method and apparatus for red-eye detection using preview or other reference images." The co-inventors are Eran Steinberg, San Francisco, Peter Corcoran, Claregalway, Ireland, Yury Prilutsky, San Mateo, Calif., Petronel Bigioi, Galway, Ireland, Adrian Zamfir, Bucharest, Romania, Florin Nanu, Bucharest, Romania, and Alexandru Drimbarean, Galway, Ireland.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method for red-eye detection in an acquired digital image acquiring one or more preview or other reference images without a flash. Any red regions that exist within the one or more reference images are determined. A main image is acquired with a flash of approximately a same scene as the one or more reference images. The main image is analyzed to determine any candidate red eye defect regions that exist within the main image. Any red regions determined to exist within the one or more reference images are compared with any candidate red eye defect regions determined to exist within the main image. Any candidate red eye defect regions within the main image corresponding to red regions determined also to exist within the one or more reference images are removed as candidate red eye defect regions." The patent application was filed on June 19, 2008 (12/142,134). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,641&OS=8,320,641&RS=8,320,641 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, has been assigned a patent (8,320,232) developed by Ernesto E. Marinero, Saratoga, Calif., Dieter K. Weller, San Jose, Calif., and Brian R. York, San Jose, Calif., for a "patterned perpendicular magnetic recording medium with multiple magnetic layers and interlayers." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A patterned perpendicular magnetic recording medium has discrete data islands that have first and second ferromagnetic layers (MAG1 and MAG2) with first and second nonmagnetic interlayers (IL1 and IL2) between MAG1 and MAG2. MAG1 and MAG2 may be similar CoPtCr alloys with similar thicknesses, with thicknesses of IL1 and IL2 that assure that MAG1 and MAG2 are strongly exchange coupled. Alternatively, MAG2 may be a "write assist" layer, for example a high-saturation magnetization, magnetically soft material in an exchange-spring structure, with IL1 being very thin so that IL2 functions as the coupling layer between MAG1 and the write-assist MAG2 layer. In an application for thermally-assisted recording (TAR), MAG2 may be the chemically-ordered equiatomic binary alloy FePt or CoPt based on the L1.sub.0 phase, with high magneto-crystalline anisotropy (K.sub.u)." The patent application was filed on July 21, 2011 (13/188,384). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,232&OS=8,320,232&RS=8,320,232 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Ricoh Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Ricoh, Tokyo, has been assigned a patent (8,321,546) developed by Alain Regnier, Sunnyvale, Calif., Lifen Tian, Sunnyvale, Calif., and Yaotian Wang, Sunnyvale, Calif., for an "integrating discovery functionality within a device and facility manager." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Techniques are provided for implementing the WS-DeviceProfile standard as a multi-threaded process ("DFM") executing on a multi-function peripheral ("MFP"). The DFM takes care of the discovery of devices and services on a network. The DFM also acts as a facility manager. The DFM implements various web services in a single component that applications can re-use. The DFM insulates these applications from some of the more complex details of the web services that the DFM implements. The MFP may comprise several different applications that each use web services provided by the DFM. The threads of the DFM can handle separate tasks concurrently. For example, one thread, of the multi-threaded DFM, may perform one or more functions specified by the WS-DeviceProfile protocol, while another thread may perform one or more functions specified by a WS-Discovery protocol." The patent application was filed on Jan. 10, 2007 (11/652,179). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,546&OS=8,321,546&RS=8,321,546 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry, FIH Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry, ShenZhen, Guangdong Province, China, and FIH, Kowloon, HongKong, have been assigned a patent (8,319,755) developed by Shi-Xu Liang, Shenzhen, China, and Chung-Yeh Sa, Santa Clara, Calif., for a stylus.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An exemplary stylus includes a housing, a stylus body, a latching element and an elastic element. The housing has a receptacle defined therethrough. The stylus body is rotatably assembled to the receptacle. The latching element is slidably accommodated in the receptacle, the latching element is configured for interacting with the stylus body so that the stylus body rotates relative to the housing about an axis and the latching element moves linearly along another axis. The elastic element is resisted between the housing and the latching element, the elastic element is used for accumulating an elastic force with rotation of the stylus body relative to the housing and the movement of the latching element." The patent application was filed on Aug. 2, 2010 (12/848,330). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,319,755&OS=8,319,755&RS=8,319,755 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Accenture Global Services Assigned Patent for Product Assortment Planning System and Method Utilizing Scaled Performance Metric Values ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Accenture Global Services, Dublin, Ireland, has been assigned a patent (8,321,260) developed by Joseph Stuart Bottom, Chico, Calif., for a "product assortment planning system and method utilizing scaled performance metric values." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A product assortment planning system determines scaled performance metric values for an assortment of products. The system includes a data store storing performance metric values for an assortment of products including a target assortment of products and a source assortment of products, an equivalization unit and a scaling unit. The equivalization unit equivalizes the performance metric values for the source assortment of products. The scaling unit determines incrementality assumptions. The incrementality assumptions are an estimation of an amount of cannibalization that occurs for the target assortment of products as a result of combining the source assortment of products with the target assortment of products. Scaled performance metric values are calculated for each product in the assortment of products based on the equivalized performance metric values and the incrementality assumptions." The patent application was filed on Nov. 15, 2010 (12/946,327). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,260&OS=8,321,260&RS=8,321,260 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Creative Technology Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Creative Technology, Singapore, has been assigned a patent (8,321,206) developed by four co-inventors for "transient detection and modification in audio signals." The co-inventors are Michael Goodwin, Scotts Valley, Calif., Carlos Avendano, Campbell, Calif., Martin Wolters, Nuremberg, Germany, and Ramkumar Sridharan, Capitola, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system and method are disclosed for transient detection and modification in audio signals. Digital signal processing techniques are used to detect transients and modify an audio signal to enhance or suppress such transients, as desired. A transient audio event is detected in a first portion of the audio signal. A graded response to the detected transient audio event is determined. The first portion of the audio signal is modified in accordance with the graded response. The extent of enhancement or suppression (as applicable) may be determined at least in part by a measure of the significance or magnitude of the transient." The patent application was filed on Jan. 31, 2008 (12/012,251). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,206&OS=8,321,206&RS=8,321,206 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Ong, Kyoritsu Optronics Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Hiap L. Ong, Taiwan, and Kyoritsu Optronics, Taiwan, have been assigned a patent (8,319,918) developed by Hiap L. Ong, Diamond Bar, Calif., for a "multi-domain display using fringe fields." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crystal display that does not require physical features on the substrate (such as protrusions and ITO slits) is disclosed. Each pixel of the MVALCD is subdivided into color components, which are further divided into color dots. The polarity of the color dots are arranged so that fringe fields from adjacent color dots causes multiple liquid crystal domains in each color dot. Specifically, the color dots of a pixel are arranged so that each color dot of a first polarity has four neighboring pixels of a second polarity. Thus, a checkerboard pattern of polarities is formed. Furthermore, the checkerboard pattern is extended across multiple pixels in the MVALCD. In addition, many display unit include multiple pixel designs to improve color distribution or electrical distribution." The patent application was filed on Oct. 17, 2011 (13/274,353). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,319,918&OS=8,319,918&RS=8,319,918 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** ARM Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- ARM, Cambridge, United Kingdom, has been assigned a patent (8,321,726) developed by Murugeswaran Surulivel, Theni District, Ind., and Robert Campbell Aitken, San Jose, Calif., for repairing memory arrays.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A memory array comprises a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns, each row comprising at least one addressable word. The memory array comprises at least one redundant row and at least one redundant column. Error detection circuitry analyzes the memory array by addressing words and detecting errors within the addressed words. Error repair circuitry selects for a detected error either a redundant row or a redundant column to replace one of the row or column containing the error. It is determined for the detected error whether the error is a single error bit in the addressed word or whether it is one of a plurality of error bits within the word. If the error is the latter, then the error repair circuitry preferentially selects a redundant row rather than a redundant column to repair the error." The patent application was filed on June 18, 2008 (12/213,383). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,726&OS=8,321,726&RS=8,321,726 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Accenture Global Services Assigned Patent for Object Customization and Management System ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Accenture Global Services, Dublin, Ireland, has been assigned a patent (8,321,473) developed by Matthew Symons, Oakland, Calif., and Anatoly Roytman, Weston, Mass., for an "object customization and management system." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An Object Customization and Management (OCM) system is configured to identify an object for creating a website based on a business objective. The OCM system includes a customizing module configured to determine qualitative attribute categories for a plurality of objects operable to be used in websites. The module assigns the plurality of objects to the qualitative attribute categories. The OCM system also includes a data management module configured to receive a request for one of the plurality of objects to be used to achieve the business objective. This module also matches the business objective with one of the qualitative attribute categories, and selects an object in the matched qualitative attribute category for the request." The patent application was filed on Aug. 10, 2010 (12/853,860). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,473&OS=8,321,473&RS=8,321,473 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Nokia Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Nokia, Espoo, Finland, has been assigned a patent (8,321,228) developed by eight co-inventors for an "audio interface unit for supporting network services." The co-inventors are Jan Chipchase, Los Angeles, Pascal Wever, Los Angeles, Nikolaj Bestle, Calabasas, Calif., Pawena Thimaporn, Woodland Hills, Calif., Thomas Ernst Arbisi, Camarillo, Calif., John-Rhys Newman, Woodland Hills, Calif., Andrew Julian Gartrell, Tarzana, Calif., and Simon David James, Simi Valley, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Techniques for providing network services at an audio interface unit include determining, based on spoken sounds of a user of an apparatus received at a microphone of the apparatus, whether to present audio data received from a different apparatus. If it is determined to present the received audio data, then presentation of the received audio data at a speaker of the apparatus is initiated. In some embodiments, an apparatus includes a data communications bus; and logic encoded in one or more tangible media configured to performs the above steps. In some embodiments, the apparatus does not include a visual display and does not include a keypad of multiple buttons." The patent application was filed on Aug. 26, 2009 (12/548,337). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,228&OS=8,321,228&RS=8,321,228 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell World Trade Assigned Patent for USB Self-idling Techniques ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell World Trade, St. Michael, Barbados, has been assigned a patent (8,321,706) developed by six co-inventors for USB self-idling techniques. The co-inventors are Zhenyu Zhang, Campbell, Calif., James Kang-Wuu Jan, San Jose, Calif., Frank Huang, Pleasanton, Calif., Yong Jiang, San Jose, Calif., Yui Lin, Cupertino, Calif., and Kevin Lo, San Jose, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "USB self-idling techniques are described. In one or more embodiments, a Universal Serial Bus (USB) device comprises one or more modules to communicate via USB and self-idle by presenting an idle mode to a USB host and entering a suspend mode while the USB host is presented with the idle mode." The patent application was filed on July 23, 2008 (12/178,268). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,706&OS=8,321,706&RS=8,321,706 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Alcatel Lucent Assigned Patent for Application-aware Policy Enforcement ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Alcatel Lucent, Paris, has been assigned a patent (8,320,381) developed by Andrew S. Lange, Culver City, Calif., for an application-aware policy enforcement.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An application-aware policy enforcement point (PEP) attaches to the edge of a packet-switched network to manage loading when the network nears or exceeds its capacity due to changes in the network, e.g., component failures or incremental growth. An advanced bandwidth manager (ABM) comprises a session/call admission controller (S/CAC) that monitors and maps ever-changing network topology information gathered from remote listeners about how traffic is being routed through various parts of the network. These reports are harmonized to build a single view of the network topology, and the point-to-point connections are abstracted into path tables. Autonomous PEP's at the network's edges provide short-term, application-aware controls on their own that are applied to the corresponding network ingress traffic. The S/CAC uses the path tables to calculate whether particular PEP's can admit more traffic, or should they shed sessions/calls to keep service up for the existing application traffic. Long-term controls are periodically downloaded as admission tables from the S/CAC to the PEP's." The patent application was filed on March 13, 2007 (11/717,879). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,381&OS=8,320,381&RS=8,320,381 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Robert Bosch Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Robert Bosch, Stuttgart, Germany, has been assigned a patent (8,321,066) developed by five co-inventors for a "method for determining free spaces in the vicinity of a motor vehicle, in particular in the vicinity relevant to the vehicle operation." The co-inventors are Jan-Carsten Becker, Palo Alto, Calif., Michael Hoetter, Gehrden, Germany, Thorsten Ike, Hannover, Germany, Baerbel Grabe, Stadthagen, Germany, and Andreas Simon, Woltenbullel, Germany.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method and system for determining free spaces in the vicinity of a motor vehicle, in particular a vicinity relevant to the vehicle operation, is provided. A method and system for determining an evasion trajectory for a driver assistance system of the motor vehicle is provided in which information from at least one object detection sensor of the motor vehicle about at least one detected object is used while taking the characteristics of the physical measuring principle of the at least one object detection sensor into account. A method and system is provided in which it is taken into account that the at least one object detection sensor has the capability of directly detecting a plurality of objects by a single measurement." The patent application was filed on April 28, 2009 (12/431,719). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,066&OS=8,321,066&RS=8,321,066 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Certicom Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Certicom, Mississauga, Canada, has been assigned a patent (8,320,879) developed by William Daniel Willey, Gilroy, Calif., and Simon Blake-Wilson, Toronto, for a "mobile certificate distribution in a PKI." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of providing certificate issuance and revocation checks involving mobile devices in a mobile ad-hoc network (MANET). The wireless devices communicate with each other via Bluetooth wireless technology in the MANET, with an access point (AP) to provide connectivity to the Internet. A Certificate authority (CA) distributes certificates and certification revocation lists (CRLs) to the devices via the access point (AP). Each group of devices has the name of the group associated with the certificate and signed by the CA. A device that is out of the radio range of the access point may still connect to the CA to validate a certificate or download the appropriate CRL by having all the devices participate in the MANET." The patent application was filed on Oct. 10, 2011 (13/270,080). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,879&OS=8,320,879&RS=8,320,879 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell International Assigned Patent for Clean Spot Detection for FM Transmission ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell International, Hamilton, Bermuda, has been assigned a patent (8,320,860) developed by Patrick Clement, Belmont, Switzerland, Lydi Smaini, Lausanne, Switzerland, and Pantas Sutardja, Los Gatos, Calif., for a "clean spot detection for FM transmission." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Methods and apparatuses for quiet spot detection for radio frequency transmission thereon. According to various embodiments, a device may include a local receiver configured to evaluate one or more frequencies of a frequency band to determine a quiet spot frequency, the device further including a local transmitter configured to transmit signals at the quiet spot frequency." The patent application was filed on May 27, 2011 (13/117,460). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,860&OS=8,320,860&RS=8,320,860 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Marvell World Trade Assigned Patent for Concatenation-assisted Symbol-level Combining for MIMO Systems with HARQ and/or Repetition Coding ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Marvell World Trade, St. Michael, Barbados, has been assigned a patent (8,320,509) developed by Jungwon Lee, Cupertino, Calif., Woong Jun Jang, Stanford, Calif., and Leilei Song, Sunnyvale, Calif., for a "concatenation-assisted symbol-level combining for MIMO systems with HARQ and/or repetition coding." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Systems and methods are provided for decoding signal vectors in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, where the receiver has received one or more signal vectors from the same transmitted vector. The receiver combines the received vectors by vector concatenation The concatenated vector may then be decoded using, for example, maximum-likelihood decoding. In some embodiments, the combined signal vector is equalized before decoding." The patent application was filed on Jan. 20, 2012 (13/354,527). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,509&OS=8,320,509&RS=8,320,509 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** IXYS CH Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- IXYS CH, Switzerland, has been assigned a patent (8,320,428) developed by Hide Hattori, Palo Alto, Calif., for "spread spectrum clock generator with controlled delay elements." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A programmable spread spectrum clock generator (SSCG) reduces electromagnetic interference by spreading the frequency bandwidth of an output signal. The rate at which the frequency of the output signal changes, as well as other aspects of the output signal, are software programmable. The programmable SSCG receives a periodic signal whose cycles have substantially identical periods and outputs the output signal whose cycles have periods that vary smoothly over a plurality of cycles of the periodic signal. The programmable SSCG generates a control signal using the periodic signal. The programmable SSCG includes a variable delay element that generates the output signal by delaying the periods of the periodic signal based on the magnitude of the control signal. The output signal is generated without using a phase locked loop. Moreover, successive cycles of the output signal rarely have identical periods." The patent application was filed on June 19, 2010 (12/803,100). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,428&OS=8,320,428&RS=8,320,428 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Nokia Assigned Patent for Apparatus for a Tangible Interface ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Nokia, Espoo, Finland, has been assigned a patent (8,320,961) developed by four co-inventors for an "apparatus for a tangible interface." The co-inventors are Hayes Raffle, Palo Alto, Calif., Koichi Mori, San Jose, Calif., Mirjana Spasojevic, Palo Alto, Calif., and Rafael A. Ballagas, Palo Alto, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a cradle comprising: a housing configured to receive a mobile device; wherein the housing configured to receive a mobile device having at least two positions; a detecting element configured to detect a state of the mobile device and; a mechanism configured to change position of the housing in response to detecting a change in the state of the mobile device." The patent application was filed on Dec. 30, 2009 (12/650,059). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,961&OS=8,320,961&RS=8,320,961 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Alcatel Lucent Assigned Patent for Method and Apparatus For Providing Call Admission Control for VOIP Over Wireless Local Area Networks Using a Transparent Proxy Agent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Alcatel Lucent, Paris, has been assigned a patent (8,320,383) developed by Sudhakar Valluru, San Jose, Calif., for a "method and apparatus for providing call admission control for VoIP over wireless local area networks using a transparent proxy agent." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The invention includes a method and apparatus providing call admission control for a wireless local area network (WLAN). A method includes extracting call signaling information from call signaling messages exchanged between a first user terminal and a second user terminal for establishing a voice call, where the second user terminal is being served by a wireless access point, and propagating a quality-of-service request toward the wireless access point which may be used by the wireless access point for determining whether or not to accept the voice call. The quality-of-service request includes at least one quality-of-service parameter determined using the extracted call signaling information. The at least one quality-of-service parameter is adapted for use by the wireless access point for determining whether or not to accept the voice call. The wireless access point then provides an indication as to whether it has accepted the voice call (in which case the voice call is completed) or whether it has rejected the voice call (in which case some other call handling may be applied to the voice call)." The patent application was filed on Oct. 31, 2007 (11/930,840). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,383&OS=8,320,383&RS=8,320,383 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** NTT DoCoMo Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- NTT DoCoMo, Tokyo, has been assigned a patent (8,321,664) developed by Craig B. Gentry, Mountain View, Calif., and Zulfikar Amin Ramzan, San Mateo, Calif., for a "method and apparatus for efficient certificate revocation." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Revocation of digital certificates in a public-key infrastructure is disclosed, particularly in the case when a certificate might need to be revoked prior to its expirations. For example, if an employee was terminated or switched roles, his current certificate should no longer be valid. Accordingly, novel methods, components and systems are presented for addressing this problem. A solution set forth herein is based on the construction of grounded dense hash trees. In addition, the grounded dense hash tree approach also provides a time-communication tradeoff compared to the basic chain-based version of NOVOMODO, and this tradeoff yields a direct improvement in computation time in practical situations." The patent application was filed on June 29, 2009 (12/494,129). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,664&OS=8,321,664&RS=8,321,664 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Panasonic Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Dec. 4 -- Panasonic, Osaka, Japan, has been assigned a patent (8,320,345) developed by four co-inventors for a "radio communication method and radio communication device." The co-inventors are Hiroshi Doi, Osaka, Japan, Taisuke Matsumoto, Sunnyvale, Calif., Suguru Fujita, Tokyo, and Masahiro Mimura, Tokyo.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Provided is a radio communication method which can reduce the power consumption as compared to the conventional technique while realizing coexistence of a plurality of radio communication methods and can perform synchronization with a super frame of other radio communication device. The super frame has lif For more information about Targeted News Service products and services, please contact: Myron Struck, editor, Targeted News Service LLC, Springfield, Va., 703/304-1897; editor@targetednews.com; http://targetednews.com.

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